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Geography of Dantewada

Dantewada in the southern part of the state of Chhattisgarh is named after the goddess Danteshwari who is the presiding deity of the Danteshwari Temple. Dantewada is located at 18.9000°N latitude and 81.3500°E longitude. It is elevated at an average of 351 meters and has an area of total 10,238.99 sq km. It is surrounded on the north and the northeast by Bastar, on the east lies Malkangiri while on the south and the southwest by Khammam of Andhra Pradesh. River of Indravati is at the west. Dantewada district is divided into 7 tehsils that is Dantewada, Kuwakonda, Gidam, Katekalyan, Sukma, Chhindgarh, and Konta.

Climate of Dantewada

The entire state of Chattissgarh falls under the rice agro climatic zone and hence with this tropical climate, the summers here are warm and humid whereas the winters are cool. The rainwater is the major source of irrigation here and huge variation is witnessed in the yearly rainfall which adversely affects the crop production. In Dantewada there is much more rainfall during the winter than during the summer. The average yearly temperature in this district is 26.2°C while the average yearly rainfall is about 1390 mm. December is the driest month of the year with 3mm whereas the most precipitation is witnessed during the month of August with an average of 406 mm. In this particular city, May is the warmest month of the year with an average temperature of 33°C. Also the average temperature during the month of December is 20.6°C which is the lowest average temperature the whole year.
The average rainfall recorded in this region is 1237.5 mm. The average summer temperature in Dantewada is 33.97°C while the average winter temperature here is 22.230C.

Topography of Dantewada

Dantewada district has all the characteristics of the Bastar Platue. Rice is grown mainly here during the kharif season. Dantewada is exceptionally fortunate when it comes to water resources. This is because the region has good rainfall during the year and rapid run off which is due to the undulating terrain. There is also great potential for rainwater harvesting in this region and the irrigation is mostly done through rainfall. Many minerals are also available in this region which includes Iron ore, Bailadila, Tin ore, corundum, granite, etc. Iron Ore is available in large quantity in the Bailadila area. Apart from that Bailadil also holds an estimated quantity of "Blue Dust". Also Tin Ore deposits are found in areas like Bacheli and Padharpur.

Demography of Dantewada

Dantewada district has a population of 247,029, approximately as per the 2011 census which is the same as half the nation of Cape Verde. This makes it 540th most populated region in India out of a total of 640. The population density of the city is about 45 inhabitants per square kilometer that is 120 inhabitants per sq mi. The population growth rate over the decade that is from 2001 to 2011 was 15.56%. The average literacy rate of the residents of Dantewada district is 33.21 percent. Dantewada District has a sex ratio of 1016 females for every 1000 males. As per the 2011 census, out of the total population of 247,029, 173,714 are tribal peoples or adivasis living in this region. The district is divided into four tehsils that is Dantewada, Kuwakonda, Gidam,and Katekalyan.

Rivers in Dantewada

The main rivers that flow through Dantewada are Indravati, Shabhari, Godavari, Shankhini and Dankiny. The Indravati River which originates from the Eastern Ghats in Odisha is one of the tributaries of the River Godavari. This river flows around 240 miles before joining the River Godavari at Bhadrakaali that lies in the district of Dantewada. The River Indravati is one of the largest and also the most significant rivers in the state of Chhattisgarh. This west flowing river passes through the district of Bastar and is fed by a number of tributaries along the way but the main being the River Pamer Chinta. The popular Chitrakoot Falls which is located at a distance of 40 km away from Jagdalpur in Chhattisgarh is on the River Indravati. Other than the River Indravati, the Rivers Shabhari, Godavari, Shankhini and Dankiny also flow through this District. During their course these rivers pass through the dense forests, deep valleys and the rugged hills of the district and also help in water supply to the fertile lands of this region. Apart from these, there are also quite a few small rivers that flow through this region.

Soil Texture of Dantewada

The Soil texture in Dantewada district is rich and diverse. The soil of this region is suitable for the growth of horticultural plants like guava, banana, mango, etc. and also various types of vegetables. Agriculture is amongst the main occupation of the people of Dantewada where almost 80% of the population is engaged in the cultivation of crops. One of the major crops cultivated here is paddy which is also popularly known as rice bowl of central part of India. Also, apart from paddy other crops grown here include oilseeds, coarse grains, wheat, groundnut, pulses and maize. Out of the total area of 136 lakh hectares the cultivable land area is of 58.81 lakh hectares and 60.76 laksh hectares of forest land in this region. Some of the main trees found in these forests include Bija, Harra, Saja,Tendu, haura, Teak, Mahua etc.

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